Sericulture Science

The Department of Studies in Sericulture Science was established under World Bank Assistance. It is located in the campus ‘Manasagangotri – Eternal Flow of Mind’ as coined by the poet ‘Rashtrakavi Kuvempu’. This department has started its humble beginning offering Post M.Sc. Diploma in Sericulture in the year 1982-83. Eventually full fledged M.Sc. course in Sericulture has been offered from the year 1988-89 and the nomenclature of the M.Sc. course has been changed to Sericulture and Seribiotechnology in the year 2008-09 to keep pace with the advanced technology. During the past three decades the department has registered study progress both in teaching and research. Recently, the department has been recognized under DST-FIST and DST – KSTePS Skill Vigyan program.


The department has been maintaining mulberry garden in an area of 3.0 acres and 65 accessions of silkworm strains/breeds in the germplasm bank. Department has state-of-the art classroom with ICT, computer lab with high speed internet supported with 5h UPS-back-up and central instrumentation facilities. The department has been in receipt funds from various funding agencies such as World Bank, Central Silk Board, CSIR, UGC, DST, DBT and Government of Karnataka.


The department comprises 05 faculty members assisted by 4 well trained technical and 15 non-teaching personnel. A few faculty members have been awarded with prestigious Commonwealth and INSA fellowships tenable at premier institution abroad with these expertise and infrastructure, the department decipher sound knowledge and impart practical skill among students by giving hands on training in mulberry cultivation and large scale silkworm rearing. In addition, emphasis has also been given to revise the syllabus at convenient intervals by considering recent technologies in sericulture and frontier areas of science and technology including computer sciences and bioinformatics.

    
The research in the department has been focused on 05 major thrust areas-mulberry cytogenetics and breeding, mulberry and silkworm pest management, silkworm breeding and genetics, Biochemical genetics of silkworm, silkworm physiology and biochemistry. Recently research in frontier areas like Proteomics, Genomics, Bioinformatics silk-biomaterials and Ericulture has been undertaken.


1. FACULTY AND RESEARCH AREAS


Sl.
No.

Name & Designation

Field of specialization

1

Dr. H.B. Manjunatha
Professor

Genomics, Proteomics and Silk Biomaterials

2

Dr. T. S. Jagadeesh Kumar  Professor

Biochemistry and Molecular biology

3

Dr. B. Sannappa,
Professor   and  Chairman      

Ericulture and Sericulture Extension

4

Dr. M. N. Anil Kumar
Associate Professor

Silkworm Physiology and Biochemistry

5

Dr. R. S. Umakanth
Associate Professor

Biochemical Genetics and Computer Applications

2. ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT
A. Teaching
The department offers two-year M.Sc. course in Sericulture and Seri biotechnology. The course comprises 4 semesters with Choice Based Credit System. The components for continouos assessment includes seminar, assignment, field work (mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing), field visits, tutorial, insect collection, etc. The curricular contents of the course comprise mulberry biology, production and protection; mulberry cytogenetics and breeding; silkworm biology; cocoon production and protection; silkworm genetics and breeding; silkworm physiology and biochemistry; silkworm proteomics, genomics and bioinformatics; mulberry and silkworm biotechnology; silk technology; sericulture extension; economics, vanya sericulture, skill development in sericulture and biomaterials and its applications. Apart from theory and practical classes, the students are have to undertake research towards project work as a partial fulfillment of the Masters Degree programme. Above all, students undergo hands-on training in production of seed/hybrid cocoons through large scale silkworm rearing.

Medals / prizes for meritorious students
(For first rank holder in M.Sc. Sericulture & Seribiotechnology)

  • Swan Silk Gold Medal
  • Swan Silk Cash Prize
  • Chickmagalur Chowdegowda Alias Puttaswamygowda Memorial Gold Medal

B. Research

Currently, the research work is being undertaken on the following thrust areas:

  • Silkworm Proteomics, Genomics and Silk Biomaterials
  • Silkworm Physiology and Molecular biology
  • Silkworm Nutrition  and Biochemistry
  • Biochemical Genetics
  • Ericulture  and Sericulture Extension

 

The research and development of the department has been funded by the following agencies:

  • Karnataka Sericulture project (World Bank-aided)
  • National Sericulture Project   
  • Department of Sericulture, Govt. of Karnataka (Karnataka Sericulture Project) 
  • Central Silk Board
  • University Grants Commission
  • DST – FIST
  • DST-INSPIRE fellowship
  • DST Women Scientist Scholarship
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
  • DBT-KSTePS

 

a) Ongoing Research Projects

Sl. No.

Name of the Faculty

Title of the Project

Funding Agency & Amount (Rs.)

Period

1

Prof. H.B. Manjunatha, India 
&
Tomas Melichar,
Czech Republic

Knowledge and Assessment of the biodiversity and DNA barcoding of Lepidoptera/ Sphingidae, Coleopteran/ Scarabaeoidea_Buprestidae_ Cerambycidae in India

Sphingidae-Museum
Czech Republic
3,74,000/-

2018-19

2

Dr. Rajesh Lakshmanan
&
Prof. H.B. Manjunatha

 

Novel site specific delivery of biologics from the multi-component silk-fibroin scaffolds for the revival of ischemic scar tissue to functional myocardium.

DST-INSPIRE,
New Delhi
7,00,000/-

2018-19

3

Dr. M.N. Anil Kumar (PI)

Massive Open Online Courses on Sericulture – Biology of Silkworm Bombyx mori (UG - 4 Credits)

CEC-UGC, EMRC, University of Mysore

 

2019-20

4

Dr. M.N. Anil Kumar (PI)

Impact of fortification of mulberry leaf with vitamins on biomolecules and economic parameters of silkworm, Bombyx mori L.

University of Mysore
Rs. 75,000/-

2019-20

5

Prof. H.B. Manjunatha
(Co-ordinator)
Dr. B. Sannappa (Member)
Dr. M.N. Anil Kumar (Member)

Entrepreneurship Skill Development program in Sericulture Technology for Unemployed Youths

DBT – KSTePS
Rs.1,38,65,000/-

2019-23

b) Concluded Research Projects

Sl. No.

Name of the Faculty

Title of the Project

Funding Agency & Amount (Rs.)

Period

1

Prof. G. Sreerama Reddy (PI)

Eco-genetic approach for the determination of high yielding breeds of silkworm

CSIR, New Delhi
Rs. 1,34,000/-

1979-82

2

Prof. N.B. Krishna Murthy (PI)
Prof. G. Sreerama Reddy (Co-PI)

Karnataka Sericulture Research Project on  Silkworm Genetics and Breeding

World Bank 
Rs. 40,00,000/-

1980-86

3

Prof. G. Sreerama Reddy (PI)

Breeding of superior races for tropical climates

CSIR, New Delhi
Rs. 2,50,000/-

1986-90

4

Prof. G. Sreerama Reddy (PI)

Evolution of superior bivoltine races of silkworm, Bombyx mori

UGC, New Delhi
Rs. 2,50,000/-

1988-91

5

Prof. G. Sreerama Reddy (PI)
Prof. Y. Srinivasa  Reddy (Co-PI)
Prof. G. Subramanya (Co-PI)

Evolution of hardy bivoltine races of silkworm, Bombyx mori suitable for tropical climates

Central  Silk Board 
Rs. 70 ,00, 000/-

1990-96

6

Prof. N.B. Krishna Murthy (PI)

Studies on the isozymes of different voltine groups of silkworm, Bombyx mori.

Central  Silk Board 
Rs. 9,00,000/-

1993-95

7

Prof. G. Subramanya (PI)

Exploitation of heterosis in the silkworm, Bombyx mori

University of Mysore Rs.1,50,000/-

1996-98

8

Prof. Basavaiah (PI)
Prof. D. Manjunath (Co-PI)

Developing a model for waste recycling in the campus of the University of Mysore, Mysore, by composting and vermicomposting.

University of Mysore Rs.2,61,000/-

2001-03

9

Prof. Y. Srinivasa Reddy
Project Co-ordinator
Mrs. Ramya
Principal Investigator

Improvement of cocoon characters in selected approved silkworm (Bombyx mori) breeds.

DST, New Delhi
4,04,800/-

2003-05

10

Prof. D. Manjunath
Project Co-ordinator
Mrs. N. Veena
Principal Investigator

Studies on the developmental aspects of an endo-pupal parasitoid (Trichopria sp.) in uzi fly (Exorista bombycis) and other dipterans.

DST, New Delhi
4,18,000/-

2003-05

11

Prof. G. Subramanya (PI)

Studies on the genetics of cross breeding strategies in silkworm, Bombyx mori.

UGC, New Delhi
Rs. 10,15,000/-

2003-06

12

Prof. Basavaiah (PI)

Cytological investigations in mulberry (Morus spp.).

University of Mysore 
Rs. 1,25,000/- 
per year

2007-09

13

Prof. G. Subramanya (PI)

Genetical and molecular approach for the evolution of sex limited breeds of the silkworm, Bombyx mori.

UGC, New Delhi
Rs. 12,00,000/-

2009-12

15

Prof. H.B. Manjunatha (PI)

Proteome analysis of heat shock proteins in domesticated Silkworm, Bombyx mori

UGC, New Delhi
Rs. 11,01,800/-

2010-13

16

Dr. B. Sannappa (PI)
Prof. G. Subramanya (Co-PI)
Prof. H.B. Manjunatha (Co-PI)

Investigation on exploration of castor (Ricinus communisL.) flora in the Western Ghats for rearing of eri silkworm (Samia cynthia ricini Boisduval)

Institution of Excellence,   University of Mysore

2010-14

17

Dr. B. Sannappa (PI)
Prof. D. Manjunath (Co-PI)

Investigations on the evaluation of castor genotypes through biochemical and bioenergetics approaches using the domesticated vanya silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini Boisduval

UGC, New Delhi
Rs. 10,53,300/-

2012-15

18

Prof. Basavaiah
Co-ordinator

Bio-waste management through composting and vermicomposting

University of Mysore 
Rs. 5,00,000/- per year

2009-17

19

Dr. B. Sannappa (PI)

Massive Open Online Courses on Sericulture – Applied Entomology (UG - 4 Credits)

CEC-UGC, EMRC, University of Mysore

2018-19

20

Dr. B. Sannappa (PI)

Impact of botanical based fortification on biochemical composition and commercial characters of eri silkworm, Samia cynthia ricini Boisduval  

University of Mysore
Rs. 75,000/-

2018-19

21

Dr. R.S. Umakanth (PI)

A study on cocoon production and adoption pattern of sericulture farmers in Hunsur Taluk of Mysore District

University of Mysore
Rs. 75,000/-

2018-19

C. Extension
The department has evolved quite a few promising bivoltine and multivoltine breeds useful to the sericulture industry. The department also provides regular extension services such as scientific methods of mulberry cultivation, silkworm rearing, pest and disease management, organic farming and ericulture to the farmers’ community as a lab-to-land programme.  Therefore, the mandate of the department is that the outcome of the research undertaken by the staff members will be transferred to the farmers’ community to improve their socio-economic status. The department is identified as a test centre for authorization of silkworm breeds by the Central Silk Board (Govt. of India) and adapted seed rearing centre by the National Silkworm Seed Organization.
3. AWARDS RECEIVED BY THE TEACHERS
a. International

  • Dr. G. Subramanya, Professor (Retd.) – Awarded Commonwealth Academic Fellowship during 2006-07.
  • Dr. G. Subramanya, Professor (Retd.) – Awarded INSA-Royal Society of Edinburgh Fellowship during 2008-09.
  • Dr. H.B. Manjunatha, Professor – Awarded Commonwealth Academic Fellowship during 2000-01.
  • Dr. H.B. Manjunatha, Professor – Awarded INSA-ASCR Fellowship during 2007-08.
  • Dr. H.B. Manjunatha, Professor – Awarded INSA-ASCR Fellowship during 2014.
  • Dr T.S. Jagadeesh Kumar, Professor - Awarded Distinguished scientist of the year 2019 in the field of sericulture, International conference on Global Research Initiatives for Sustainable Agriculture and Allied Sciences (GRISAAS – 2019) ICAR – NAARM, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

b. National

  • Dr. G. Subramanya, Professor (Retd.) – Awarded Lefroy medal from Zoological Society of India during 2012-13.
  • Dr. Basavaiah, Professor (Retd.) – Awarded Fellow of Indian Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding, New Delhi, 1996.
  • Dr T.S. Jagadeesh Kumar, Associate Professor - Awarded Scientist of the year 2017 by International Foundation for Research and Development,  Guwahati University Assam.
  • Dr T.S. Jagadeesh Kumar, Professor - Awarded Conservation Biologist of the year 2018 by International Research Foundation, Christ College, Pune, Maharashtra.
  • Dr. B. Sannappa, Professor – Awarded as Young Scientist by the Society for Eco-sustainable development, Lucknow during 2003.
  • Dr. R.S. Umakanth, Associate Professor – Awarded “Uttama Shikshaka (Best Teacher) 2019” by All India Bhavsar Kshatriya Mahasabha (R) Yuva Parishad, Mysuru, Karnataka.

4. PROGRESS/ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT

  • To date, 450 and 60 candidates have been awarded M. Sc. and Ph.D. degrees, respectively.
  • Evolved silkworm breeds and hybrids with superior commercial traits.
  • Developed an improved black boxing method for incubation of silkworm eggs.
  • Formulated eco-friendly insect control methods.
  • Developed colchitetraploids of four high yielding mulberry cultivars viz., Vi, S36, Ber.S1 and S34.
  • Adopted drip irrigation in mulberry gardens to tide over the shortage of water in the bore-wells.
  • Wider spacing has been created in mulberry gardens suiting to mechanized cultivation to offset shortage of manpower.
  • Four new species of Sphingidae in Karnataka, India have been identified through DNA bar-coding.

6. CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
Sericulture being a vocational course has immense potential for self employment. A number of students from the department emerged themselves as successful entrepreneurs as licensed seed producers (LSPs), licensed chawki rearers as well commercial and seed crop rearers. Well-trained sericulture post-graduates have been working in various capacities in both state and central government organizations as well as NGOs.  Many opportunities are available for taking up employment as Research Assistants / Scientific officers for employment in state sericulture institutes like KSSR&DI, Thalagattapura, APSSRDI, Hindupur (AP), Central Silk Board organizations throughout India and as teaching faculty in many universities and colleges.